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Excel formulas are powerful tools that allow users to perform calculations, manipulate data, and automate tasks in a spreadsheet. By using formulas, users can save time and improve accuracy by eliminating manual calculations and reducing errors. Excel offers a wide range of formulas, from basic arithmetic operations to advanced functions like VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH. These formulas can be used in a variety of applications, such as financial modeling, data analysis, and project management. Whether you’re a student, a business professional, or a casual user, knowing how to use Excel formulas can greatly enhance your productivity and effectiveness in working with data.

1. SUM: This formula is used to add up values in a range of cells. The syntax is =SUM(Cell1:Cell2). For example, =SUM(A1:A5) will add up the values in cells A1 to A5.
2. AVERAGE: This formula is used to calculate the average of a range of cells. The syntax is =AVERAGE(Cell1:Cell2). For example, =AVERAGE(A1:A5) will calculate the average of the values in cells A1 to A5.
3. MAX: This formula is used to find the maximum value in a range of cells. The syntax is =MAX(Cell1:Cell2). For example, =MAX(A1:A5) will find the highest value in cells A1 to A5.
4. MIN: This formula is used to find the minimum value in a range of cells. The syntax is =MIN(Cell1:Cell2). For example, =MIN(A1:A5) will find the lowest value in cells A1 to A5.
5. COUNT: This formula is used to count the number of cells that contain values in a range. The syntax is =COUNT(Cell1:Cell2). For example, =COUNT(A1:A5) will count the number of cells that contain values in cells A1 to A5.
6. IF: This formula is used to perform a logical test and return one value if the test is true and another value if the test is false. The syntax is =IF(Test, Value_if_true, Value_if_false). For example, =IF(A1>10, “Yes”, “No”) will return “Yes” if the value in A1 is greater than 10 and “No” if it is not.
7. CONCATENATE: This formula is used to combine two or more strings of text into one cell. The syntax is =CONCATENATE(Text1, Text2, Text3, …). For example, =CONCATENATE(“Hello”, ” “, “World”) will return “Hello World”.
8. LEFT: This formula is used to extract a specified number of characters from the beginning of a text string. The syntax is =LEFT(Text, Num_chars). For example, =LEFT(“Excel is awesome”, 5) will return “Excel”.
9. RIGHT: This formula is used to extract a specified number of characters from the end of a text string. The syntax is =RIGHT(Text, Num_chars). For example, =RIGHT(“Excel is awesome”, 7) will return “awesome”.
10. MID: This formula is used to extract a specified number of characters from the middle of a text string. The syntax is =MID(Text, Start_num, Num_chars). For example, =MID(“Excel is awesome”, 7, 2) will return “is”.
11. TRIM: This formula is used to remove extra spaces from a text string. The syntax is =TRIM(Text). For example, =TRIM(” Excel is awesome “) will return “Excel is awesome”.
12. LEN: This formula is used to count the number of characters in a text string. The syntax is =LEN(Text). For example, =LEN(“Excel is awesome”) will return 15.
13. ROUND: This formula is used to round a number to a specified number of decimal places. The syntax is =ROUND(Number, Num_digits). For example, =ROUND(3.14159, 2) will return 3.14.
14. SUMIF: This formula is used to add up values in a range of cells that meet a specified criterion. The syntax is =SUMIF(Range, Criterion, Sum_range). For example, =SUMIF(A1

(Range of values, “>10”, B1:B5) will add up the values in cells B1 to B5 that are greater than 10.

1. COUNTIF: This formula is used to count the number of cells in a range that meet a specified criterion. The syntax is =COUNTIF(Range, Criterion). For example, =COUNTIF(A1:A5, “>10”) will count the number of cells in the range A1 to A5 that are greater than 10.
2. VLOOKUP: This formula is used to search for a value in the first column of a table and return a corresponding value in a specified column. The syntax is =VLOOKUP(Value, Table_range, Column_index, Exact_match). For example, =VLOOKUP(“Apple”, A1:B5, 2, FALSE) will search for the value “Apple” in the first column of the table range A1 to B5 and return the value in the second column.
3. HLOOKUP: This formula is used to search for a value in the first row of a table and return a corresponding value in a specified row. The syntax is =HLOOKUP(Value, Table_range, Row_index, Exact_match). For example, =HLOOKUP(“Apple”, A1:B5, 2, FALSE) will search for the value “Apple” in the first row of the table range A1 to B5 and return the value in the second row.
4. INDEX: This formula is used to return a value from a specified row and column of a range or array. The syntax is =INDEX(Array, Row_num, Column_num). For example, =INDEX(A1:B5, 3, 2) will return the value in the third row and second column of the range A1 to B5.
5. MATCH: This formula is used to find the position of a value in a range or array. The syntax is =MATCH(Value, Range, Exact_match). For example, =MATCH(“Apple”, A1:A5, FALSE) will return the position of the value “Apple” in the range A1 to A5.
6. DATE: This formula is used to create a date from year, month, and day values. The syntax is =DATE(Year, Month, Day). For example, =DATE(2023, 3, 15) will return the date March 15, 2023.
7. EOMONTH: This formula is used to return the last day of the month that is a specified number of months before or after a given date. The syntax is =EOMONTH(Start_date, Months). For example, =EOMONTH(“1/1/2023”, 2) will return the date February 28, 2023.
8. NETWORKDAYS: This formula is used to calculate the number of working days between two dates, excluding weekends and holidays. The syntax is =NETWORKDAYS(Start_date, End_date, Holidays). For example, =NETWORKDAYS(“3/1/2023”, “3/15/2023”, {“3/6/2023”, “3/8/2023”}) will return the number of working days between March 1, 2023, and March 15, 2023, excluding March 6, 2023, and March 8, 2023.
9. AVERAGEIF: This formula is used to calculate the average of a range of cells that meet a specified criterion. The syntax is =AVERAGEIF(Range, Criterion, Average_range). For example, =AVERAGEIF(A1:A5, “>10”, B1:B5) will calculate the